Madang province, PNG: Finisterre mountains’ south slopes along Nahu and Bure rivers; north slopes along Kipuro and Kasang rivers; Morobe province: northwest Markham district. 6a (Vigorous) Language. 6,900 Speakers.
Chimbu province, PNG: northern third; Eastern Highlands province: Daulo, Lufa and Unggai-Benna Lufa districts. 3 (Wider communication). Major area language used as a trade language for all the other Chimbu languages. 115,000 Speakers.
3 (Wider communication). Originated on the sugar cane plantations in Queensland, Australia between 1863 and 1906; lingua franca spoken between Kanakas (Melanesian workers) and European overseers. In 1904, at end of labor trade period, repatriated Solomon Islanders brought pidgin to the Solomon Islands. Widely spoken by majority of population. 548,400, all users. L1 users: 24,400 (1999 SIL). L2 users: 524,000 (2018).
Morobe province, PNG: Finschhafen district, Central Huon peninsula, Lae south of Cromwell Range, Burum river valley and west slopes of Kuat river; scattered in Port Moresby. 30 villages. 5 (Developing) Language. 10,000 Speakers.
Western province, PNG: lower Aramia river, Alagi, Galu, Saiwase, and Waya villages; Bamu river, Alikinapi village; lower Fly river, Kenedibi, Urio, and Wagumi-Sarau villages; Segero Creek, Segero village. 5 (Developing) Languages. 3,000 Speakers.
Papua New Guinea Tok Pisin. 4,122,000 in Papua New Guinea, all users. L1 users: 122,000 in Papua New Guinea (2004 SIL). L2 users: 4,000,000. 50,000 monolinguals. Total users in all countries: 4,125,740 (as L1: 125,740; as L2: 4,000,000).